Two-stage Approach for Detecting Aberration of Influenza-like Illness


Pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza and recent H7N9 influenza outbreaks made the public aware of the threat of influenza infection. In fact, annual influenza epidemic caused heavy disease burden and high economic loss around the world [1, 2]. Although the virological surveillance provided the high sensitivity and specificity for testing results, the timeliness and the cost of the test were not feasible for extensive public health surveillance. In addition, traditional sentinel physician surveillance also encountered many challenges such as the representativeness and reporting bias. The seamless surveillance system without extra labor reporting would be the ideal approach. Taiwan had as high as 99% of health insurance coverage. The real-time monitoring of the ILI clinical visits in the communities could reflect the severity of influenza epidemics. In this study, we used an innovative two-stage approach for detecting aberrations during 2009 pandemic influenza in Taiwan.


This study proposed a two-stage approach for early detection of aberrations of influenza-like illness (ILI) using the small-area based claim data of outpatient and emergency room visit.

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Event/Publication Date: 
September, 2013

May 02, 2019

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