Adolescent prescription opioid misuse, illicit opioid use and overdose

The number of overdose deaths involving illicit opioids such as heroin and illicitly-manufactured fentanyl (IMF) is now higher than deaths involving prescription opioids. Adolescents misusing prescription opioids are more likely to use heroin. Although nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPO) among adolescents is decreasing, there is still relatively high prevalence of this behavior.

June 18, 2019

Trends in Injection Opioid Use and Bloodborne Pathogen Related Diseases in New Jersey

When the opioid epidemic began in the early 1990s, pills such as oxycodone were the primary means of abuse.

June 18, 2019

Opioid Seizures by Law Enforcement in Relation to Emergency Room Visits

In 2016, there were approximately 63,000 deaths nationally due to drug overdose. This trend continues to increase with the provisional number of US deaths for 2017 being approximately 72,000 (1). This increase in overdose deaths is fueled largely by the opioid class of drugs. The opioid epidemic began in the 1990s with a steady rise in prescription opioid overdoses. However, after 2010 a rise in heroin overdose deaths also began to occur.

June 18, 2019

Mental health and opioid addiction comorbidities among chronic pain patients

The National Institute for Drug Abuse Report, Common Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders, states there are many individuals who develop substance use disorders (SUD) are also diagnosed with mental disorders, and vice versa.(1) Prescription opioids are amongst the most commonly used drugs that lead to illicit drug use.(2)Much of the data about the starting point of the prescription opioid addiction is in the patient health history and is recorded within the provider electronic health record and administrative systems.Description: There are a variety of addiction and misuse risk screen

June 18, 2019

Enhancing TX SyS by integrating EMS and Poison Data for Opioid Overdose Surveillance

In recent years, the number of deaths from illicit and prescription opioids has increased significantly resulting in a national and local public health crisis. According to the Texas Center for Health Statistics, there were 1340 opioid related deaths in 2015.1 In 2005, by comparison, there were 913 opioid related deaths. Syndromic surveillance can be used to monitor overdose trends in near real-time and provide much needed information to public health officials.

June 18, 2019

Developing Mindful and Targeted Data Visualizations for Diverse Audiences

Tennessee has experienced an increase of fatal and non-fatal drug overdoses which has been almost entirely driven by the opioid epidemic. Increased awareness by medical professionals, new legislation surrounding prescribing practices, and mandatory use of the state's prescription drug monitoring program has resulted in a decrease of opioid prescriptions and dosages. Paradoxically, emergency department discharges and inpatient hospitalizations due to opioid overdoses have continued to increase.

June 18, 2019

Tracking Community Naloxone Dispensing: Part of a Strategy to Reduce Overdose Deaths

The number of unintentional overdose deaths in New York City (NYC) has increased for seven consecutive years. In 2017, there were 1,487 unintentional drug overdose deaths in NYC.

June 18, 2019

Fact Sheet: Naloxone Access and Overdose Good Samaritan Law in Ohio

This fact sheet, developed by the Network for Public Health Law and published August 29, 2018, summarizes Ohio's laws to combat the opioid overdose crisis.

Read more about this resource at https://www.networkforphl.org/resources_collection/2018/08/29/1027/naloxone_access_and_overdose_good_samaritan_law_in_ohio?blm_aid=193546.

August 31, 2018

State Opioid Overdose Surveillance Dashboards

Below are the publicly available opioid overdose surveillance dashboards by U.S. state or territory. This list is updated as of March 7, 2019.

June 22, 2018

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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