Emergency Department Syndromic Surveillance in Michigan: Routine Analysis and Beyond

This presentation shared by Michigan covers the introductory basics of syndromic surveillance. This is a part of a web based training that new users have to complete before getting access to the surveillance system in Michigan. 

May 18, 2018

How Missing Discharge Diagnosis Data in Syndromic Surveillance Leads to Coverage Gaps

Indiana utilizes the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE) to collect and analyze data from participating hospital emergency departments. This real-time collection of health related data is used to identify disease clusters and unusual disease occurrences. By Administrative Code, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) requires electronic submission of chief complaints from patient visits to EDs. Submission of discharge diagnosis is not required by Indiana Administrative Code, leaving coverage gaps.

January 25, 2018

Beyond Mortality: Violent Injury Surveillance Using NC DETECT ED Visit Data

Violence-related injuries are a major source of morbidity and mortality in NC. From 2005-2014, suicide and homicide ranked as NC's 11th and 16th causes of death, respectively. In 2014, there were 1,932 total violent deaths, of which 1,303 were due to suicide (67%), 536 due to homicide (28%), and 93 due to another mechanism of violent injury (5%).

January 19, 2018

A pilot project to identify individuals who died from suicide and visited an ED before death

In 2015, suicide was the 8th leading cause of death in Salt Lake County, Utah, and has recently been identified as a priority public health issue. For suicide, suicide ideation and suicide attempts surveillance, Salt Lake County Health Department staff use National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) mortality data to monitor historical trends and vital records mortality data and ESSENCE ED encounter morbidity data to monitor trends and populations in real time.

January 25, 2018

Mandating Syndromic Surveillance Reporting from Emergency Departments: The Washington Experience

As syndromic surveillance reporting became an optional activity under Meaningful Use Stage 3 and incentive funds are slated to end completely in 2021, Washington State sought to protect syndromic reporting from emergency departments.

January 19, 2018

How do we present messy syndromic surveillance data to public health’s partners?

With increasing awareness of SyS systems, there has been a concurrent increase in demand for data from these systems – both from researchers and from the media. The opioid epidemic occurring in the United States has forced the SyS community to determine the best way to present these data in a way that makes sense while acknowledging the incompleteness and variability in how the data are collected at the hospital level and queried at the user level.

January 25, 2018

Use of Diagnosis Code in Mental Health Syndrome Definition

Between 2006 and 2013, the rate of emergency department (ED) visits related to mental and substance use disorders increased substantially. This increase was higher for mental disorders visits (55 percent for depression, anxiety or stress reactions and 52 percent for psychoses or bipolar disorders) than for substance use disorders (37 percent) visits. This increasing number of ED visits by patients with mental disorders indicates a growing burden on the health-care delivery system.

January 19, 2018

A provincial Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance Network (GAFINet), South Korea

In May 2015, the MERS-CoV outbreaks in South Korea was sparkled from a hospital of Gyeonggi-do province. In response to this outbreak, the provincial government and infectious disease control center (GIDCC) initiated an emergency department (ED) based Gyeonggi-do provincial acute febrile illness (AFI) surveillance network (GAFINet) to monitor for a subsequent outbreak of emerging or imported infectious diseases since September 2016. Gyeonggi-do province is located in the North-West of South Korea, surrounds the capital city Seoul, and borders North Korea (Figure 1).

January 19, 2018

Understanding Emergency Department Utilization Patterns in Illinois

Syndromic surveillance has been widely implemented for the collection of Emergency Department (ED) data. EDs may be the only option for seeking care in underserved areas, but they do not represent population-based measures. This analysis provides insight on health-seeking behaviors within the context of the type of care sought.

Objective:

To analyze differences in utilization of Emergency Departments for primary care sensitive conditions by facility and by patient ZIP code.

January 19, 2018

Forecasting Emergency Department Admissions for Pneumonia in Tropical Singapore

Pneumonia, an infection of the lung due to bacterial, viral or fungal pathogens, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the past few decades, the threat of emerging pathogens presenting as pneumonia, such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H7N9), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus has emphasised the importance of the surveillance of pneumonia and other severe respiratory infections.

January 19, 2018

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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