Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

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In the spring of 2005, the ISDH began using Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics  (ESSENCE) application to analyze emergency department (ED) chief complaint data for syndromic surveillance purposes.  While granting hospitals and local health... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Numerous methods have been applied to the problem of modeling temporal properties of disease surveillance data; the ESSENCE system contains a widely used approach (1). STL (2) is a flexible, wellproven method for temporal modeling that decomposes the series into frequency components. A periodic ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

When the Chicago Bears met the Indianapolis Colts for Super Bowl XLI in Miami in January, 2007, fans from multiple regions visited South Florida for the game. In the past, public health departments have instituted heightened local surveillance during mass gatherings due to concerns about... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Automated disease surveillance systems that analyze data by syndrome categories have been used to look for outbreaks of disease for about 10 years. Most of these systems notify users of increases in the prevalence of reports in syndrome categories and allow users to view patient level data... Read more

Content type: Abstract

On March 7th and 8th of 2007 authorities from federal, state, county, and municipal jurisdictions/agencies having mass migration response responsibilities (as per the Department of Homeland Security Operation Vigilant Sentry, as well as State and Local plans) initiated the last of a series of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

A significant amount of resources and effort have been recently invested in syndromic surveillance systems. However, how these systems complement or compare with traditional public health surveillance systems, such as outbreak reporting, is not clear.  


The purpose of... Read more

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The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) operates over 880 outpatient clinics across the nation. The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory’s Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE) utilizes VHA ICD9 coded outpatient visit data for the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The threat of terrorism and high-profile disease outbreaks has drawn attention to public health syndromic surveillance systems for early detection of natural or man-made disease events. In this sense, the Miami-Dade County Health Department has implemented ESSENCE (Electronic Surveillance System... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Effective public health response to emerging infectious diseases, natural disasters, and bioterrorism requires access to real-time, accurate information on disease patterns and healthcare utilization. The ESSENCE surveillance system in use by the Department of Defense (DoD) relies primarily on... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene conducts enhanced surveillance using the Electronic Surveillance System for Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE). The current version of ESSENCE for the National Capital Region consists of information from multiple data... Read more

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program


The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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