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In the past, the media has served a source of data for syndromic surveillance of infectious disease, whether it is outbreaks of disease in animals or humans resulting in illness or death.  More often than not, the reverse is true; data based on analyses of   syndromic surveillance often flows... Read more

Content type: Abstract

We hypothesize that epidemics around their onset tend to affect primarily a well-defined subgroup of the overall population that is for some reason particularly susceptible. While the vulnerable cohort is often well described for many human diseases, this is not the case for instance when we... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Use of robust and broadly applicable statistical alerting methods is essential for a public health Biosurveillance system. We compared several algorithms related to the Early Aberration Reporting System C2 (adaptive control chart) method for practical detection sensitivity and timeliness using a... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Nationally, deaths due to opioid overdose have continually increased for the past 15 years . Deaths specifically related to heroin increased more than four-fold between 2002 and 2014. Hospital inpatient discharge data provide information on non-fatal overdoses, but include a significant lag in... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Obesity and related chronic diseases cost Canadians several billion dollars annually. Dietary intake, and in particular consumption of carbonated sweetened drinks (soda), has a strong effect on the incidence of obesity and other illness. Marketing research suggests that in-store promotion, and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

An epidemic of ebolavirus in West Africa, which was first identified in March 2014, is now the largest Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak on record. On 8 August 2014, the WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). As of 4 September... Read more

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In 2005, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) began using the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) as an emergency department (ED)-based local syndromic surveillance program (LSSP); 23 (100%) of 23 hospitals in suburban... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Under the revised International Health Regulations (IHR [2005]) one of the eight core capacities is public health surveillance. In May 2012, despite a concerted effort by the global community, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported out that a significant number of member states would not... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Each year, more than two-thirds of all fireworksrelated injuries occur during June 16-July 16 [1]. During the 2006 July 4th holiday weekend, thousands of people were treated in emergency departments (EDs) for fireworks-related injuries [2]. Over 50% of these injuries were burns, most often... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Ontario Telehealth Telephone Helpline (henceforth referred to as “Telehealth”) was implemented in Ontario in 2001. It is administered by Clinidata, a private contractor hired by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, including holidays, at no cost... Read more

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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