Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.

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Lack of access to regular dental care often results in costly, oral health visits to EDs that could otherwise have been prevented or managed by a dentist (1). Most studies on oral health-related visits to EDs have used a wide range of classifications from different databases, but none have used... Read more

Researchers have demonstrated benefits to identifying and developing interventions for patients that frequently seek healthcare services in the ED. The New Yorker Magazine, recently published an article titled The Hot Spotters, summarizing work being done in the United States to lower medical... Read more

The Biological Threat Reduction Program (BTRP) has been being implemented in the Republic of Uzbekistan since 2004 within the framework of the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Government of the United States of America Concerning Cooperation in the Area of... Read more

EIDSS supports collection and analysis of epidemiological, clinical and laboratory information on infectious diseases in medical, veterinary and environmental sectors. At this moment the system is deployed in Kazakhstan at 150 sites (planned 271) in the veterinary surveillance and at 8 sites (... Read more

MUse will make EHR data increasingly available for public health surveillance. For Stage 2, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regulations will require hospitals and offer an option for eligible professionals to provide electronic syndromic surveillance data to public health... Read more

INDICATOR is a multi-stream open source platform for biosurveillance and outbreak detection, currently focused on Champaign County in Illinois[1]. It has been in production since 2008 and is currently receiving data from emergency departments, patient advisory nurse call center, outpatient... Read more

The ESSENCE demonstration module was built to help DoD health monitors make routine decisions based on disparate evidence sources such as daily counts of ILI-related chief complaints, ratios of positive lab tests for influenza, patient age distribution, and counts of antiviral prescriptions [1... Read more

Research has indicated several risk and protective factors for arthritis, including cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, and physical activity (1–4). However, it is not well understood how all these factors interact to increase/decrease the risk of arthritis.


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Extreme temperatures are consistently shown to have an effect on CVD-related mortality [1, 2]. A large multi-city study of mortality demonstrated a cold-day and hot-day weather effect on CVD-related deaths, with the larger impact occurring on the coldest days [3]. In contrast, the association... Read more

There are several reports of zinc deficiency in pathogenesis of acute and chronic diarrhea. The literature review showed children with diarrhea and chronic gastroduodenitis performed zinc deficiency in majority of cases (1). The normal values of zinc in blood serum are 12.8-27.8 µmol/l (2).... Read more


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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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