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Fifteen years have passed since the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 called for the establishment of nationwide surveillance and reporting mechanisms to detect bioterrorism-related events. In the 1990s, several health departments established... Read more

Content type: Journal Article

It is estimated that there are 1.7 million homeless individuals in the United States; 36% are families with children under the age of 18. Due to lack of resources, homeless individuals frequent emergency departments for immediate health care needs. Homeless individuals are hospitalized more... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Epidemiological surveillance is used to monitor time trends in diseases and the distribution of the diseases in the population. To streamline the process of identifying outbreaks, and notification of disease, syndromic surveillance has emerged as a method to report and analyze health data.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

We present the EpiEarly, EpiGrid, and EpiCast tools for mechanistically-based biological decision support. The range of tools covers coarse-, medium-, and fine-grained models. The coarse-grained, aggregated time-series only data tool (EpiEarly) provides a statistic quantifying epidemic growth... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The purpose of this study is to depict a local county health departmentís analysis and dissemination algorithm of surveillance system (SS) aberration (alarm) to designated stakeholders within the community.

Content type: Abstract

As part of public health protection activities conducted in support of the G8 Summit in Sea Island, GA, June 2004, DPH implemented SS in the state’s coastal region using information provided from ED visits, 911 calls, and pharmacy sales. Following this high-profile event, questions arose about... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2005, three hurricanes made landfall in Florida, with Hurricane Wilma having the most severe impact on Miami-Dade County. Syndromic surveillance is typically used to detect bioterrorism or natural disease outbreaks before specific diagnoses are made. After Wilma, however, the Miami-Dade... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Multiple agencies are involved in global disease surveillance and coordination of activities is essential to achieve broad public health impact. Multiple examples of effective and collaborative initiatives exist. The WHO/AFRO developed Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR)... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Emergency medicine is a recognized specialty in the United Kingdom (UK), with formal training and accreditation conducted and governed by the Royal College of Emergency Medicine. Health care in the UK is publicly funded and provided by the National Health Service (NHS) through a residence-based... Read more

Content type: Journal Article

Current local, state, and national initiatives related to meaningful use and the modernization of electronic health records, and the growing availability of electronic information exchanges, have become important drivers to establishing syndromic surveillance systems. Effective implementation of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR
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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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