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Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin/oxacillin. The high incidence of resistance to most commonly used antibiotics including carbapenems and cephalosporins among strains of MRSA present challenges to the management of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Biosurveillance in resource-limited settings is essential because of both enhanced risk of diseases rarely seen elsewhere (e.g. cholera) and pandemic threats (e.g. avian influenza). However, access to care and laboratory test capability are typically inadequate in such areas, amplifying the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The IDSP is the key indicator based surveillance system in the country to fulfill the core surveillance and response functions requirement under the IHR–2005. Periodic reviews of the IDSP in the country have shown that it has been ineffective in meeting its main objective of disease control in... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Comparison of heat-related health effects across regions or among different syndromic surveillance systems is problematic due to the lack of a standardized heat-related syndrome definition. While a national standard for common heat-related syndromes would facilitate data comparisons, local... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Early warning surveillance (EWS) is a key factor in the fight against tropical infectious diseases(1). However, the process of carrying out EWS is complex as it involves several actors and requires the use of diverse human, material and technological resources for data collection, analysis, and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences are childhood traumas which influence the developing child and derail healthy developmental processes. The developing child attempt to cope by adopting health risk behaviors such as smoking which has been associated with adverse health outcomes which may not be... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Active CCHF natural foci were reported in 3 southern regions of Kazakhstan. The CCHF virus reservoir and vectors are ixodic ticks. 3-12 human CCHF cases occur per year; infection occurs through tick bites and CCHF patient blood contact. Prediction of the CCHF epidemiological situation is... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The utility of specific sources of data for surveillance, and the quality of those data, are an ingoing issue in public health(1). Syndromic surveillance is typically conducted as a secondary use of data collected as part of routine clinical practice, and as such the data can be of high quality... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Interactive tools for visualization of disease outbreaks has been improving markedly in the past few years. With the flagships Google Flutrends1 and HealthMap2 providing prime examples. These tools provide interactive access to the general public concerning the current state-of-affairs for... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Researchers have developed varied methods for forecasting influenza activity using surveillance data with predictive models, but real-world applications in public health programs are rare. To inform consideration of whether and how public health practice should incorporate influenza forecasting... Read more

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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