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Communicable diseases are underreported by physicians, especially diseases without laboratory tests. The goals of our study were to determine reporting levels for clinical chickenpox, describe clinical data elements common to chickenpox, and assess ability of an electronic syndromic surveillance... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The abattoir and the fallen stock surveys constitute the active surveillance component aimed at improving the detection of scrapie across the EU. Previous studies have suggested the occurrence of significant differences in the operation of the surveys throughout Europe. Del Rio Vilas et al ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The eleven syndrome classifications for clinical data records monitored by BioSense include rare events such as death or lymphadenitis and also common occurrences such as respiratory infections. BioSense currently uses two statistical methods for prediction and alerting with respect to the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Utah Department of Health documented a single epidemic of cryptosporidiosis in Utah during 2007. Seven hundred eleven laboratory-confirmed cases were reported in Salt Lake County, Utah from July 27 through December 18. Illness onset date was available for 86% (611 of 711) of patients and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2004, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) contracted with the Regenstrief Institute to build an information exchange infrastructure to support the collection of surveillance data. This pilot program involves implementation of electronic reporting in 46 of the state’s 114 emergency... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Syndromic surveillance using over the counter (OTC) sales has been shown to provide earlier signals of diarrheal and respiratory disease outbreaks than hospital diagnoses. Under normal circumstances, sales patterns of OTC sales related to gastrointestinal illness (GI) are high in the winter and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Electronic laboratory-based surveillance can significantly improve the diagnostic specificity and response time of traditional infectious disease surveillance. Under the project “Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study”, we wished to evaluate the application of space-time outbreak detection... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Immediately following September 11, 2001, the District of Columbia Department of Health began a syndromic surveillance program based on emergency room (ER) visits. ER logs are faxed on a daily basis to the health department, where health department staff code them on the basis of chief complaint... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Crude mortality could be valuable for infectious disease surveillance if available in a complete and timely fashion. Syndromic surveillance with weekly deaths has been demonstrated to be useful in France. Such data can be of use for detecting, and tracking the impact, of unusual health events (e... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Numerous recent papers have evaluated algorithms for biosurveillance anomaly detection. Common essential problems in the disparate, evolving data environment include trends, day-of-week effects, and other systematic behavior. Public health monitors have expressed the need for modifiable case ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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