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As part of the US Department of Defense strategy to counter biological threats, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Cooperative Biological Engagement Program is enhancing the capabilities of countries in the former Soviet Union (FSU) to detect, diagnose, and report endemic and epidemic, man-... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The threat of terrorism and high-profile disease outbreaks has drawn attention to public health syndromic surveillance systems for early detection of natural or man-made disease events. In this sense, the Miami-Dade County Health Department has implemented ESSENCE (Electronic Surveillance System... Read more

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Los Angeles County Department of Health Services is currently testing SaTScan’s space-time permutation model to assist in identifying aberrant illness activity in the community and determine it’s ability to detect outbreaks through analyzing real-time syndromic data. SaTScan could be useful ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Complex, highly parameterized data models are often used to detect syndromic outbreaks. Unfortunately, such models can pose greater maintenance challenges as parameter variations increase. As such, our work focuses on whether day-of-the-week (DoW) effects may (or may not) show little variation... Read more

Content type: Abstract

To compare locally-developed influenza-like syndrome definitions (derived from emergency department (ED) chief complaints) when applied to data from two ISDS DiSTRIBuTE Project participants: Boston and New York City (NYC) [1].

Content type: Abstract

San Francisco has the highest rate of TB in the US. Although in recent years the incidence of TB has been declining in the San Francisco general population, it has remained relatively constant in the homeless population. Spatial investigations of disease outbreaks seek to identify and determine... Read more

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In response to increasing reports of avian influenza being identified throughout the eastern hemisphere, the World Health Organization and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services have published pandemic influenza preparedness plans. These plans include detailed recommendations for... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Influenza is an important public health problem associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. A disease traditionally monitored via legally mandated reporting, researchers have identified alternative data sources for influenza surveillance. The hospital environment presents a unique... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Non-temporal Bayesian network outbreak detection methods only look at data from the most recent day. For example, PANDA-CDCA (PC) only looks at data from the last 24 hours to determine how likely an outbreak is occurring. PC is a Bayesian network disease outbreak detection system that models 12 ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

On June 7, 2008, federal food protection and public health agencies alerted consumers of a nationwide outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections. As of June 30, 2008, 851 persons infected with Salmonella Saintpaul with the same genetic fingerprint had been identified in 36 states and the... Read more

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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