Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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Aquatic birds are the main reservoirs of influenza viruses, however, pigs represent an essential host in virus ecology as they are susceptible to both avian and human influenza viruses. Circulating zoonotic influenza (A/H7N9, A/H5N1, and A/H3N2v) viruses could mutate into forms easily... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In general, data from public health surveillance can be used for short- and long-term planning and response through retrospective data analysis of trends over time or specific events. Combining health outcome data (e.g., hospitalizations or deaths) with environmental and socio-demographic... Read more

Content type: Report

Zoonotic diseases compose a large proportion of the disease burden faced by African countries (e.g. Ebola). A One Health approach to disease control has been embraced across the continent, yet public health and veterinary surveillance systems in most countries remained vertically isolated under... Read more

Content type: Case Study

Bovine cysticercosis is a zoonotic foodborne disease caused by Taenia saginata involving cattle as the intermediate host and humans as the final host. Humans are infected by eating raw or undercooked meat of infected cattle. Cattle are infected after grazing on pasture infected by human feces.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In the past year, three major health care organizations – the American Veterinary Medical Association, the American Medical Association and the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine – have officially endorsed the concept of “One Health” recognizing the continuum of communicable... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Since the majority of emerging infectious diseases over the past several decades have been zoonotic, animal health surveillance is now recognized as a key element in predicting public health risks. Surveillance of animal populations can provide important early warnings of emerging threats to... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Brucellosis is a serious disease caused by bacteria of the Brucella genus. It principally affects ruminants but may be transmitted to humans. Registration of cases in cattle farms causes considerable economic losses and creates favorable conditions for mass infection among humans. In Armenia the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Anthrax is endemic and enzootic in Georgia with cases being registered since 1881 with over 2000 foci identified. Since 2005, 439 laboratory confirmed and 211 probable human cases and 190 laboratory confirmed animal cases have been registered. A case-control study performed in 2012 by the... Read more

Content type: Case Study

Veterinary syndromic surveillance (VSS) is a fast growing field, but development has been limited by the limited use of standards in recording animal health events and thus their categorization into syndromes. The adoption of syndromic classification standards would allow comparability of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Protecting U.S. animal populations requires constant monitoring of disease events and conditions which might lead to disease emergence, both domestically and globally. Since 1999, the Center for Emerging issues (CEI has actively monitored global information sources to provide early detection... Read more

Content type: Abstract


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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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