Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) is a World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa (AFRO) strategy for strengthening national public health surveillance and response systems in African countries. The strategy incorporates the International Health Regulations (... Read more

Content type: Abstract

About 60% of Nairobi residents live in slums with higher poverty, population density prevalence diseases and lower health access than the city average. Some residents own livestock or in are in contact with its products. Most slums dwellers work outside slums. Thus, health surveillance in slum... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Each year Ministry of Health and Social welfare of Tanzania under Epidemiology Section has been reporting many suspected cases of Shigella throughout the country. However only fewer laboratories have been reporting the confirmed cases.


To determine whether the IDSR... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Security threats and the recent emergence of avian influenza in Europe have heightened the profile of and need for a good surveillance strategy during such events. The two main rationales for enhanced infectious disease surveillance at mass events include a perceived increased risk of infectious... Read more

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Infectious disease outbreaks during crises can be controlled by detecting epidemics at their earliest possible stages through cost effective and time efficient data analytical approaches. The slow or non reporting is a real gap in existing reporting systems that delays in receiving the disease... Read more

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Cancers are among the leading causes of deaths globally. In subSaharan Africa, cancer-related deaths have been projected to increase significantly in the next few decades. Information on cancer is essential in planning and implementing cancer control and prevention activities. Registration and... Read more

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A liver disease of unknown etiology, called unknown liver disease (ULD) by the community, was first identified in 2002 in Tigray; a rugged, semi-arid, mountainous region that is considered one of the most drought-prone and food insecure regions of Ethiopia. ULD is a chronic condition... Read more

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A pandemic caused by influenza A/H5N1 or another novel strain could kill millions of people and devastate economies worldwide. Recent computer simulations suggest that an emerging influenza pandemic might be contained in Southeast Asia through rapid detection, antiviral distribution, and other... Read more

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During the past ten years, the syndromic surveillance has mainly developed thanks to clinical data sources (i.e. emergency department, emergency medical call system, etc.). However, in these systems, the population doesn’t play an active role. It is now important that the population becomes an... Read more

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Reduction in HIV transmission needs continuous, comprehensive and effective communication channels to disseminate messages that will sustain efforts to motivate adolescents to engage in a range of options to reduce the risk of HIV infection. Life skills education, an integral part of school-... Read more

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National Syndromic
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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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