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This paper describes the syndromic networks paradigm and its application to various surveillance settings.

Content type: Abstract

While traditional means of surveillance by governments, multi-national agencies, and institutional networks assist in reporting and confirming infectious disease outbreaks, these formal sources of information are limited by their geographic coverage and timeliness of information flow. In ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The performance of even the most advanced syndromic surveillance systems can be undermined if the monitored data is delayed before it arrives into the system.  In such cases, an outbreak may be detected only after it is too late for appropriate public health response. Surveillance systems can... Read more

Content type: Abstract

With the widespread deployment of near real time population health monitoring, there is increasing focus on spatial cluster detection for identifying disease outbreaks. These spatial epidemiologic methods rely on knowledge of patient location to detect unusual clusters. In hospital... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Objective: To investigate seasonal patterns of gastrointestinal (GI) illness among children and adults.

Content type: Abstract

Bordetella Pertussis outbreaks cause morbidity in all age groups, but the infection is most dangerous for young infants. Pertussis is difficult to diagnose, especially in its early stages, and definitive test results are not available for several days. Because of temporal and geographic... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Graph theory concepts are well established in epidemiology, with particular success as a description of agent-based modeling. An agent-based viewpoint leads to conclusions about the spatial distribution of links: infection is more likely among individuals in close proximity. In this analysis, we... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Of critical importance to the success of syndromic surveillance systems is the ability to collect data in a timely manner and thus ensure rapid detection of disease outbreaks. Most emergency department-based syndromic surveillance systems use information rou-tinely collected in patient care... Read more

Content type: Abstract

We have previously shown that timeliness of detection is influenced both by the data source (e.g., ambulatory vs. emergency department) and demographic characteristics of patient populations (e.g., age). Because epidemic waves are thought to move outward from large cities, patient distance from... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Respiratory viruses cause substantial morbidity and costly resource utilization among young children, especially during the winter months. Accurate estimates of the impact of these viruses are important in guiding prevention efforts and measuring the impact of public health interventions. ... Read more

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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, CDC programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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