Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

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The National Strategy for Biosurveillance promotes a national effort to improve early detection and enable ongoing situational awareness of all-hazards threats. Implicit in the Strategy’s implementation plan is the need to upgrade capabilities and integrate multiple disparate data sources,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Although cases of acute HAV have declined in recent years, elevated numbers of HAV infections began to be reported by California and Michigan in the fall of 2016.1,2 Since this time, associated outbreaks have been reported in 9 additional states (Arizona, Utah, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Bordetella pertussis infection (whooping cough) has been on the rise and the most cases in the US since 1955 were reported in 2012 (48,277 or 15.4 per 100,000). Pertussis is highly infectious and can cause serious illness in infants and children as well as adults, and in general is preventable... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) obtains electronic data from 153 Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers plus outpatient clinics in all 50 states, American Samoa, Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands. Currently... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Drug poisoning, or overdose, is an epidemic problem in the United States1,2. In keeping with national trends, a recent study combining U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) data with the National Death Index showed increases in opioid overdose mortality from 2001 to 20093. One of the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

An objective of the Joint VA/DoD BioSurveillance System for Emerging Biological Threats project is to improve situational awareness of the health of combined VA and DoD populations. DoD and VA both use versions of the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Antimicrobial prescriptions are a new data source available to the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) biosurveillance program. Little is known about whether antiviral or antibacterial prescription data correlates with influenza ICD-9-CM coded encounters. We therefore evaluated the utility and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Telephone triage is a relatively new data source available to biosurveillance systems.1-2Because early detection and warning is a high priority, many biosurveillance systems have begun to collect and analyze data from non-traditional sources [absenteeism records, overthe-counter drug sales,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Joint VA/DoD BioSurveillance System for Emerging Biological Threats project seeks to improve situational awareness of the health of VA/DoD populations by combining their respective data. Each system uses a version of the Electronic Surveillance System for Early Notification of Community-... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Veterans accessing Veterans Affairs (VA) health care have higher suicide rates and more characteristics associated with suicide risk, including being male, having multiple medical and psychiatric comorbidities, and being an older age, compared with the general U.S. population. The Veterans... Read more

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Surveillance Program

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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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