Approach to Onboarding Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Data Into a Syndromic Surveillance System

Syndromic surveillance has become an integral component of public health surveillance efforts within the state of Florida. The near real-time nature of these data are critical during events such as the Zika virus outbreak in Florida in 2016 and in the aftermath of Hurricane Irma in 2017. Additionally, syndromic surveillance data are utilized to support daily reportable disease detection and other surveillance efforts.

June 18, 2019

Calendar effects to forecast influenza seasonality: A case study in Milwaukee, WI

Influenza viral infection is contentious, has a short incubation period, yet preventable if multiple barriers are employed. At some extend school holidays and travel restrictions serve as a socially accepted control measure. A study of a spatiotemporal spread of influenza among school-aged children in Belgium illustrated that changes in mixing patterns are responsible for altering disease seasonality3.

June 18, 2019

Risk Assessment tool for Religious Mass Gathering Events of India

In spite of the fact that mass gatherings are an undeniably regular element of our society attended by huge crowds yet such occasions are not very well understood. Even though such gatherings are accumulations of "well people", vast number of people associated with mass gatherings can put a serious strain on the entire health care system [1].The public health implications of mass gathering events include a potential increased risk for disease transmission because of the variability and mobility of those attending the event and increased media attention.

June 18, 2019

Making Syndromic Surveillance Relevant and Valuable for Emergency Managers

Intense stress can severely degrade one's ability to process and utilize new kinds of information.1 This psychological phenomena may partially explain why epidemiologist are challenged to communicate and establish the value of SyS information with emergency management professionals (EMPs). Despite the timely and useful insights that SyS data and methods can provide, it is very difficult to convey what these data are when EMPs and epidemiologists are working to make intense, highly-scrutinized and high-consequence emergency decisions.

June 18, 2019

Anthrax Laboratory Diagnostic Methods at the Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture (LMA)

Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax, is a member of a highly diverse group of endospore-forming bacteria. Bacillus anthracis spores are typically found in soil, from which they may spread via contaminated dust, water, and materials of plant and animal origin. Although anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores, humans may contract anthrax directly or indirectly from animals.

June 18, 2019

2017 - 2018 Winter Weather Surveillance in Louisiana

The Infectious Disease Epidemiology Section (IDEpi) in the Louisiana Office of Public Health (OPH) has several applications for syndromic surveillance including situational awareness during unusual and/or high profile events, such as the uncharacteristic winter weather Louisiana experienced during the 2017-2018 winter season. December 8th, 2017 saw freezing temperatures with some parts of the state experiencing snow, and January 16- 18, 2018 saw record breaking freezing temperatures throughout the state. Both weather events led to many state office, school and business closures.

June 18, 2019

Early evaluation of impacts of cold waves and floods during winter 2018 in France

The Seine River rises at the north-East of France and flows through Paris before emptying into the English Channel. On January 2018 (from 22th January to 11th February, Weeks 4 to 6), major floods occurred in the Basin of Seine River, after an important rainy period. This period was also marked by the occurrence on the same area of a first cold wave on Week 6 (from 5th to 7th February), including heavy snowfall and ice conditions from 9th to 10th February. A second similar cold wave occured from 28th February and 1st March.

June 18, 2019

Short-term health impact assessment after Irma in French islands

In Saint-Martin (31 949 inhabitants) and Saint-Barthelemy (9 625 inhabitants) islands in the French West Indies, the surveillance system is based on several data sources: (1) a syndromic surveillance system based on two emergency departments (ED) of Saint-Barthellemy (HL de Bruyn) and Saint-Martin (CH Fleming) and on mortality (SurSaUD® network [1])); (2) a network of sentinel general practitioners (GP'™s) based on the voluntary participation of 10 GPs in Saint-Martin and 5 in Saint-Barthelemy; (3) the notifiable diseases surveillance system (31 notifiable diseases to individual case-specif

June 18, 2019

Utilizing Syndromic Surveillance for Hurricane Irma-Related CO Poisonings in Florida

On September 10, 2017, Hurricane Irma made landfall in Florida. Over 90% of Florida counties reported power outages as of September 11. During power outages, CO poisonings often occur due to indoor use of fuel combustion sources (e.g., cooking, heating) or generators for electricity. CO poisoning is a reportable condition in Florida; health care providers and laboratories are required to report suspected cases to the Florida Department of Health (FDOH). In Florida, approximately 202 cases of CO poisoning are reported each year (three-year average from 2014 to 2016).

June 18, 2019

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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