The Longitudinal Record: Linking Hepatitis A Outbreak Cases and Syndromic HL7 Data

Description: 

With increasing availability of syndromic meaningful use data, new approaches to disease surveillance utilizing linkages to other data systems are possible. Expanded communicable disease information may be valuable during outbreaks or other public health emergencies. San Diego County is experiencing a significant and protracted hepatitis A outbreak. The disease has been transmitted person-to-person through close contact or through a fecally-contaminated environment, and has been primarily affecting homeless people and injection and non-injection illicit drug users. As of August 31, 2017, there were nearly 400 cases with 15 deaths. Approximately, 70% of the cases were hospitalized. This is one of the nation’s largest hepatitis A outbreaks since the introduction of the hepatitis A vaccine in 1995. Additional cases are expected over the next twelve months. The population affected by this outbreak presents some challenges for outbreak response. It is often a difficult population to reach. In addition, many have multiple comorbidities and often have health care seeking behaviors that differ from the general population. Using the medical record number (MRN) to link hepatitis A disease cases from the communicable disease registry to syndromic HL7 messages for emergency department visits and hospitalizations enabled the identification of additional hospital encounters the cases may have had before, during, or following their hepatitis A disease incident. This allowed an exploration of the ways in which this unique population interacted with the health care system in the context of a communicable disease outbreak. This presentation will highlight the steps to link information across surveillance systems, the results, the challenges, and the benefits of linked information to public health departments.

Objective:

To describe how the County of San Diego linked information from a communicable disease registry and syndromic surveillance system to further describe cases associated with a large hepatitis A outbreak. Specifically, to detail the linkage process which resulted in a longitudinal understanding of individuals’ hospital visits before, during, and after the reported hepatitis A incident.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
2018
Event/Publication Date: 
January, 2018

January 21, 2018

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INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR
DISEASE SURVEILLANCE

288 Grove Street, Box 203
Braintree, MA 02184
(617) 779 0880
Email:syndromic@syndromic.org

This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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